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So have they or haven’t they? From fillers and freezers to paralyzing faces – what celebrities REALLY mean when they say they ‘haven’t had any work done’

 

GUESS WHO TWEAKED?

Dolly Parton once famously said ‘there’s a reason the Hollywood Hills are in the same part of the country as Silicon Valley’. Simon Cowell says that he considers Botox as much a part of his routine as toothpaste.

But in an era where laser hair removal is considered a part of everyday grooming, ‘I haven’t had plastic surgery’, seems to translate to ‘I’ve never sliced into my face’. For most people Botox, fillers and laser treatments don’t count.

‘I think that the line is when you go under the knife,’ Los Angeles-based cosmetic surgeon Dr Alexander Rivkin tells MailOnline. The goal, he explains, is to ‘look like you haven’t had any work done.’

Jennifer Aniston
Simon Cowell
jenny mccarthy

Coming clean: Jennifer Aniston  says she’s ‘obsessed’ with laser treatment, Simon Cowell  compares Botox to toothpaste and Jenny McCarthy gets injected every two months

Some do flat-out deny it: Jennifer Lopez says she’s never had plastic surgery. Kim Kardashian blames her newly-plump lips on a bout of flu.

And when rumors swirled about her possible procedures, Megan Fox uploaded pictures of herself on her blog making different expressions and called it ‘Things You Can’t Do With Your Face When You Have Botox’.

But most people are more evasive. They may try to downplay the amount (Jenny McCarthy says she’s ‘team Botox’ but uses ‘very little’) it or say that they ‘tried’ it at some point in the distant past.

Nicole Kidman says she’s back to being ‘completely natural’ after trying Botox. Jennifer Aniston said that plastic surgery is ‘a slippery slope’ but admitted to being ‘obsessed’ with laser treatment.

Angelina Jolie
megan Fox
jennifer lopez

Aging gracefully: Angelina Jolie  Megan Fox  and Jennifer Lopez have all stated publicly that the have never had plastic surgery

According to the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, there were more than 8.5million cosmetic minimally-invasive procedures in 2012. Nonsurgical procedures made up 83per cent of the total.

So what else haven’t celebrities had done?

Injectables are still the most popular treatment. Proteins like Botox, Dysport and Xeomin paralyze muscles in the face to relax existing wrinkles and help prevent new ones from forming. They are often used in the frown lines, horizontal lines across the forehead, and crows feet – but can also be injected around the lips, the chin, and tip of the eyebrows to lift the brow.

As with many other procedures, the injector’s skill level is crucial to achieving a natural look. When too much product is pumped into the forehead, the eyebrows can raise in a permanently startled, deer-caught-in-headlights expression – and sometimes the forehead doesn’t move at all.

lisa rinna
pamela anderson

Lip service: Lisa Rinna  has fought a very public battle with her lip injections and calls herself a ‘pioneer’, while Pamela Anderson  has appeared in public with a noticeably fuller pout

Madonna
carla bruni

Pillow talk: Madonna and former French first lady Carla Bruni  have both appeared in public with suspiciously fuller faces

As we age, our faces get thinner as hyaluronic acid, the sugar molecule that holds water in the skin, starts to diminish. But fillers like Juvederm, Restylane, Belotero and Perlane can fill in laugh lines and crows feet, replace volume in cheeks, plump lips and even be used to sculpt the chin with non-permanent ‘chinplants’.

‘I think that the line is when you go under the knife. The goal is to look like you haven’t had any work done’

Some take it a step further and go for a liquid facelift, a general term that usually involves a combination of fillers and Botox and sometimes Sculptra – a longer-lasting poly-L-lactic acid that stimulates the body to produce its own collagen – to shape the face. There is virtually no downtime but, unlike with a surgical facelift, the fillers will eventually need to be topped up.

Injecting too many fillers can lead to the dreaded ‘pillow face’, a phenomenon that was the hot topic of conversation when the British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons met in 2011.

‘The hallmark of overdone fillers is overfilled nasiolabial folds and overfilled cheeks, so that certain parts of their face don’t match,’ says Dr Rivkin. ‘A 50-year-old woman with huge chipmunk cheeks? Give me a break.’

Kate Beckinsale
victoria beckham

Fountain of youth? Both Kate Beckinsale and Victoria Beckham  have stayed silent about surgery but manage to look better every year

Then there are the laser treatments, which for many celebrities are almost as common as waxing appointments. Lasers like the Aurora, Fraxel, IPL and Ultrapulse can tighten skin while treating redness, sun damage and fine lines – and also stimulate new collagen growth.

THE TOP FIVE NON-SURGICAL COSMETIC PROCEDURES

  1. Botox
  2. Hyaluronic acid
  3. Laser hair removal
  4. Microdermabrasion
  5. Chemical peel

Chemical peels are also making a comeback. A solution is applied, and the old skin flakes off taking brown spots, wrinkles, and acne scars with it.

Peels can treat deeper sun damage than most lasers, and despite their slightly scary reputation some doctors feel that they can be safer than laser treatments for darker skin tones.

Those who want a nose job without the pain and obvious bandages can also now opt for the nonsurgical version: The ’15-minute nose job’ involves injecting tiny amounts of fillers like Radiesse or Artefill and can lift and straighten the tip of the nose, camouflage bumps or correct a deviated septum.

Below the neck, lunchtime lipo is also huge. CoolSculpt freezes localized fat cells so that they die, while Thermage uses radiofrequency, heat and light to shrink fat them.

Like many of us, celebrities often give another safe answer: They claim that they won’t rule out treatments ‘in the future’. Or, in the words of Heidi Klum, ‘ask me again when I’m sixty-five’

Source:   http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2303091/So-havent-From-fillers-freezers-paralyzing-faces–celebrities-REALLY-mean-say-havent-work-done.html#ixzz3iFJ1yk7H

Botox is a drug made from a neurotoxin produced by the bacteriumClostridium botulinum called botulinum toxin. It is used medically to treat certain muscular conditions and cosmetically remove wrinkles by temporarily paralyzing muscles.

Botulinum toxin is sold commercially under the names:

  • Botox, Vistabel, Botox cosmetic (OnabotulinumtoxinA or botulinum toxin type A)
  • Dysport (AbobotulinumtoxinA or botulinum toxin type A)
  • Bocouture, Xeomin (IncobotulinumtoxinA or botulinum toxin type A)
  • Myobloc (RimabotulinumtoxinB or botulinum toxin type B).

Contents of this article:

  1. The origin of botox
  2. How does it work?
  3. Medical and cosmetic uses
  4. How is the procedure performed?
  5. Risks and side effects

The origin of botox

The inactive instance of botulinum toxin, Clostridium botulinum organism and its spores, are located in nature worldwide in both forest and cultivated soils, sediments of lakes, streams, coastal and untreated waters. The bacterium can also be found in the intestinal tracts of mammals and fish and in the gills and viscera of crabs and other shellfish. In nature these bacteria are relatively harmless. Issues occur when the spores transform into vegetive or actively growing cells. As the cells grow and overpopulate they begin to die, producing the deadly neurotoxin that causes botulism.

Neurotoxins are toxins that target the nervous system and disrupt the signaling that allows neurons to communicate effectively. The neurotoxin involved in producing Botox, botulinum toxin (abbreviated either as BTX or BoNT), is subdivided into eight types A, B, C [C1, C2], D, E, F, G 18 and H.19 A, B, E and rarely F cause human botulism and types C and D cause illness in other mammals, birds and fish.14 Although type G has been isolated from soil in Argentina, no outbreaks involving the toxin have been recognized.21 Type H has recently been discovered in the feces of a child suffering from botulism, the DNA sequence behind it has been withheld from public databases as an antidote has not yet been found.19

How does it work?

Botulinum toxin is one of the most poisonous substances known to man. Scientists have estimated that a single gram could kill as many as one million people and a couple of kilos could kill every human on earth.22 In high concentrations botulinum toxin can result in botulism, a severe, life-threatening illness. Botulism, left untreated, may result in respiratory failure and death.16 Yet despite being so toxic and so costly, it is in huge demand.

Botox injection
Botulinum toxin is injected to treat certain muscular conditions and cosmetically remove wrinkles by temporarily paralyzing muscles.

Botulinum toxin has proven to be a successful and valuable therapeutic protein when dosage, frequency of treatment and variety of treated clinical conditions are considered.23

“Only the dose makes a remedy poisonous”20

Botulinum toxin can be injected into humans in extremely small concentrations and works by preventing signals from the nerve cells reaching muscles, effectively leaving the muscles without instructions to contract, therefore paralyzing them.24

In order for muscles to contract, nerves release a chemical messenger, acetylcholine (a neurotransmitter), at the junction where the nerve endings meet muscle cells. The acetylcholine attaches to receptors on the muscle cells and causes the muscle cells to contract or shorten. Injected botulinum toxin prevents the release of acetylcholine, preventing contraction of the muscle cells. The effect of botulinum toxin causes a reduction in abnormal muscle contraction allowing the muscles to become less stiff.

Medical and cosmetic uses

Botulinum toxin’s main claim to fame is that it will appear to iron out wrinkles and lines in aging faces. More than just a vanity product, it can be useful for treating a variety of medical conditions ranging from eye squints to migraines, excess sweating to leaky bladders. There are currently over 20 different medical conditions that botulinum toxin is being used to treat with more being discovered regularly.

Approved therapeutic uses for botulinum toxin:

  • Blepharospasm (spasm of the eyelids)1
  • Idiopathic Rotational Cervical Dystonia (severe neck and shoulder muscle spasms) 1
  • Chronic Migraine3
  • Severe Primary Axillary Hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating)1
  • Strabismus (crossed eyes)1
  • Post-Stroke Upper Limb Spasticity4
  • Detrusor Overactivity Urinary Incontinence6
  • Overactive Bladder5
  • Hemifacial Spasm1
  • Glabellar Lines (frown lines between the eyebrows)2
  • Canthal Lines7
  • Crow’s Feet Lines.7

Off-label uses:

  • Achalasia8
  • Anal Fissure and Anismus8
  • Sialorrhea9
  • Allergic Rhinitis10
  • Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction11
  • Cerebral Palsy1
  • Oromandibular Dystonias12
  • Laryngeal Dystonia.13

How is the procedure performed?

Botox injection into apple
Botuilinum toxin takes up to 72 hours to take effect and make a noticeable difference.

The botulinum toxin is administered by diluting the powder in saline (sodium chloride) and injecting directly into neuromuscular tissue, The toxin requires 24-72 hours to take effect, reflecting the time necessary to disrupt the synaptosomal process. In very rare circumstances, some individuals may require as many as five days for the full effect to be observed.14

Botulinum toxin should not be used in pregnant or lactating women, as well as people who have had a previous allergic reaction to the drug or any of its ingredients.

Risks and side effects

Injections with botulinum toxin are generally well tolerated and side effects are few. Uncommon responses to a drug because of a genetic predisposition are uncommon, generally mild, and transient.

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/158647.php